Here’s How You Improve Public Speaking Skills To Become A Better Leader

Debamalya Mukherjee Business 14 September 2023 6 Mins Read
Public Speaking

Public speaking is the act of delivering a structured and purposeful message to an audience in a live setting. It is a form of oral communication where a speaker addresses a group of people with the intention of informing, persuading, entertaining, or inspiring them.

Read this post to learn more about this form of speaking and how it can help you in many situations.

Key Components Of Public Speaking

The main components that you must be aware of regarding public speaking, an important form of communication, are:

1. Speaker


The individual delivering the speech is known as the speaker. The speaker can be an expert on the topic or someone chosen to represent a particular viewpoint or organization.

2. Audience

The audience consists of the people who are listening to the speaker’s presentation. They may vary in size, background, knowledge level, and interests.

3. Message


The message is the content of the speech. It includes the information, ideas, stories, or arguments that the speaker intends to convey to the audience. The message should be organized and structured for clarity.

4. Purpose

Public speaking serves various purposes, such as informing, persuading, entertaining, inspiring, or motivating the audience. It can be something like improving communication in management and breaking down language barriers of communication to improve cross cultural communication. The speaker’s goal dictates the type of speech and the approach taken.

Types Of Speeches In Public Speaking

According to various public speaking books, it encompasses a wide range of speech types, including:

1. Informative Speech

Informative Speech

The primary goal is to provide the audience with factual information, explanations, or insights on a specific topic. Informative speeches aim to educate and enhance the audience’s understanding.

2. Persuasive Speech

Persuasive speaking seeks to influence the audience’s beliefs, attitudes, or behaviors. They often involve making a case for a particular viewpoint, cause, or course of action.

3. Entertainment Speech

These speeches focus on entertaining the audience through humor, storytelling, or engaging content. They are common in stand-up comedy, storytelling events, and after-dinner speeches.

4. Motivational Speech

Motivational Speech

Motivational speakers aim to inspire and energize their audience. They often share personal experiences, success stories, and strategies for achieving goals. This is often referred to as heroic public speaking.

5. Demonstration Speech

In a demonstration speech, the speaker explains and shows how to perform a specific task or process. Visual aids or props are often used to enhance understanding.

6. Special Occasion Speech

These speeches are delivered on specific occasions such as weddings, graduations, or award ceremonies. They often celebrate or commemorate an event or individual.

The Public Speaking Process

The Public Speaking Process

Learning the art of public speaking typically follows a structured process, like this

1. Preparation

This stage involves selecting a topic, conducting research, organizing ideas, and creating an outline or script. It also includes considering the audience’s needs and expectations.

2. Practice

Rehearsing the speech multiple times helps the speaker become familiar with the content, refine delivery, and manage nervousness in managerial communication.

3. Delivery

During the actual presentation, the speaker engages with the audience using verbal communication and nonverbal communication techniques. These may include voice modulation, body language, eye contact, and gestures.

4. Audience Engagement

Engaging the audience through interactive elements, questions, anecdotes, or visuals can enhance the impact of the speech.

5. Feedback

After the speech, seeking feedback from the audience or peers can provide valuable insights for improvement.

How Do I Improve My Public Speaking Skills?

How Do I Improve My Public Speaking Skills

Improving public speaking skills is a valuable endeavor that can boost your confidence, enhance your communication abilities, and open up various opportunities in both your personal and professional life. 

Here’s a detailed guide on how to improve your public speaking skills:

1. Understand Your Audience

Understand Your Audience

Before you start crafting your speech, get to know your audience. Consider their interests, knowledge level, and expectations. Tailoring your message to their needs will make your speech more engaging and relevant.

2. Choose An Appropriate Topic

Select a topic you are passionate about and knowledgeable about. Your enthusiasm will come across in your delivery and make you more engaging.

3. Structure Your Speech

Structure Your Speech

Organize your speech with a clear beginning, middle, and end. Use a structured outline with key points and supporting details. This makes your message easier to follow. You can also read public speaking books to get a better idea.

4. Practice, Practice, Practice

Practice is essential for improvement. Rehearse your speech multiple times, ideally in front of friends or family who can provide feedback.

5. Record Yourself

Record Yourself

Use a camera or smartphone to record your practice sessions. Watching or listening to yourself can help you identify areas for improvement, such as pacing, gestures, or filler words like “um” and “uh.”

6. Work On Body Language

Pay attention to your body language. Maintain good posture, make eye contact with the audience, and use purposeful gestures to enhance your message.

7. Manage Nervousness

Manage Nervousness

Most people experience nerves before speaking in public. To manage this anxiety:

  • Practice relaxation techniques, such as deep breathing or meditation.
  • Visualize a successful presentation.
  • Arrive early to get comfortable with the speaking environment.
  • Start with smaller, less intimidating speaking engagements to build confidence.

8. Enhance Vocal Variety And Vocabulary

Vary your tone, pitch, and pace to keep the audience engaged. Monotone delivery can be dull, while a dynamic voice captures attention.

9. Use Visual Aids Wisely

Use Visual Aids Wisely

If you use slides or visual aids, keep them simple and avoid text-heavy slides. Visuals should enhance your message, not distract from it.

10. Engage The Audience

Encourage interaction by asking questions, sharing anecdotes, or using humor when appropriate. Engaging the audience makes your speech more memorable. This is where you use quotes about public speaking.

11. Practice Impromptu Speaking

Develop your ability to speak spontaneously by practicing impromptu speaking. This can boost your confidence and adaptability.

12. Seek Feedback

After each presentation, ask for feedback from peers or mentors. Constructive criticism can help you identify areas for improvement.

13. Join A Toastmasters Or Public Speaking Group

Toastmasters International and similar groups provide a supportive environment for practicing Toastmasters public speaking and receiving feedback.

14. Learn From Others

Watch and learn from skilled public speakers. Analyze their techniques, style, and delivery to incorporate effective strategies into your own presentations.

15. Keep Learning

Public speaking is a skill that can always be refined. Continuously seek opportunities to learn and grow as a speaker.

16. Overcome Fear Of Failure

Understand that mistakes are a natural part of public speaking. Embrace them as opportunities for improvement rather than as failures.

17. Set Realistic Goals

Establish specific, achievable goals for your public speaking journey. These goals can motivate you to keep improving.


Public speaking can be challenging for many people due to factors like stage fright, fear of judgment, or difficulty organizing thoughts. Overcoming these challenges often requires practice, confidence-building strategies, and effective communication skills.

In summary, it is the art of communicating with an audience, conveying a message, and achieving specific goals. It plays a crucial role in various aspects of life, from education and business to entertainment and advocacy. Effectively speaking in public involves careful preparation, engaging delivery, and the ability to connect with and influence the audience.

Remember that it is a skill that develops over time. With consistent practice, feedback, and a willingness to learn, you can become a more confident and effective speaker. Whether you’re delivering a speech, giving a presentation at work, or participating in social events, honing your skills can significantly enhance your ability to communicate and connect with others.

More Resources:

For over 4+ years, Debamalya’s blogs in Voice of Action have been helping people reinvent themselves like Elle Woods in Legally Blonde. But what is the hack to this Secret Life of Walter Mitty? Taking S.M.A.R.T actions in this Pursuit of Happiness! After reading his blogs, you will find yourself looking inward for solutions for all problems in your life – emotional, physical, financial – you name it. He also has an ingenious way of playing The Witcher 3 and Sekiro as a form of “free therapy”.

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